How to treat Pericoronitis? - Ganna Magazine Blog

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How to treat Pericoronitis?

The pericoronitis refers to a dental disorder in which the gum tissue surrounding a partially erupted tooth become inflamed and infected, causing aches and pains that may even complicate as simple as eating, swallowing or opening and closing the mouth actions. Generally, it happens in the wisdom teeth, more popularly known as wisdom teeth, when they do not have enough space to leave or are badly positioned.
In all cases, it will be advisable to go to the dentist in order to solve the problem and avoid further complications that seriously endanger oral health. In this article, we show in detail how to treat pericoronitis, as well as its frequent causes and symptoms.

Steps to follow:
  1. The pericoronitis happens, as mentioned, when the gingiva there around a partially erupting tooth becomes inflamed and infected due to bacterial growth, which may occur in any tooth but frequently occurs in the wisdom teeth, and is that in many cases these do not have enough space to leave and are partially covered by the gum.
This condition is usually caused by bacteria found in the oral cavity, which penetrate between the gum and the tooth in question, promoting an environment of heat, humidity and entry of food remains ideal for these bacteria proliferate and end up causing the infection.

It is also possible that it occurs due to traumatisms in the operculum, which is called that way to that part of the gum that partially covers the affected tooth. And is that if the tooth that is on the opposite side, collides continuously against the gum that covers the partially erupted piece, can end up causing irritation and inflammation.
  1. The symptoms of pericoronitis can vary considerably from one person to another depending on the stage of the inflammation. In general, symptoms such as those detailed below can be observed:
  • It looked red, inflamed and painful.
  • Pains in the temporo-mandibular joint, which can radiate to the ear and become more acute and intense when chewing food.
  • Difficulty opening your mouth or talking normally.
  • Difficulty swallowing normally.
  • Bad breath or bad taste in the mouth, which can be caused by the discharge of pus secreted by the affected gums.
  • Swollen neck lymph nodes
  • Generalized malaise, fever and chills.
In those more severe and advanced cases, it is possible that the pericoronitis leads to the formation of an abscess that can expand to other parts of the oral cavity or even the pharynx.
  1. In view of the manifest of such symptoms or the suspicion of having pericoronitis, it is essential to go to the dentist as soon as possible, since a professional diagnosis will be necessary to be able to give way to the appropriate treatment, and this will vary according to the severity of the inflammation and infection, as well as the symptomatic picture presented.
Generally, in the first place, the specialist will clean and drain the affected part with serum irrigation until all the residues and food residues that have accumulated there are eliminated. In addition, recommend extreme measures of oral hygiene at home, carrying out a gentle and careful tooth brushing and mouth rinses with chlorhexidine mouthwash or saline to prevent bacterial growth.

In addition, the administration of antibiotic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs can be prescribed, in order to cure the infection and alleviate the discomfort that the pericoronitis is causing the patient.
  1. Once this first phase of treatment is over, the patient must return to the dentist's office to determine if it is necessary to carry out a minor surgical procedure, with which the gum tissue that covers the affected tooth will be removed. called operculum. In this way, the cleaning of the area can be done much more easily, the traumas in the gums will be reduced with the rest of the teeth and, in addition, new infections will be avoided.
  2. On the other hand, in those cases in which the teeth or teeth of the trial do not have enough space to erupt properly or are not well positioned, should be removed to avoid more serious dental problems and suffer from pericoronitis in future occasions.
It will be essential to follow carefully all the indications of the dentist so that the intervention is carried out successfully and the patient has a quick recovery; thus, the recommended medications should be taken, rest, make certain changes in the diet following a soft diet during the following days and be especially careful with the oral cleaning. We indicate all the details that should be known in the article How to recover from the extraction of the wisdom teeth.

This article is merely informative, we do not have the faculty to prescribe any medical treatment or make any type of diagnosis. We advise you to go to a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to how to treat pericoronitis, we recommend you to check our category of Family Health.
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